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linux下oracle设置开机自启动实现方法

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在CentOS 6.3下安装完Oracle 10g R2,重开机之后,你会发现Oracle没有自行启动,这是正常的,因为在Linux下安装Oracle的确不会自行启动,必须要自行设定相关参数,首先先介绍一般而言如何启动oracle。一、在Linux下启动Oracl

在CentOS 6.3下安装完Oracle 10g R2,重开机之后,你会发现Oracle没有自行启动,这是正常的,因为在Linux下安装Oracle的确不会自行启动,必须要自行设定相关参数,首先先介绍一般而言如何启动oracle。

一、在Linux下启动Oracle

登录到CentOS,切换到oracle用户权限

# su oracle

接着输入:

$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"

原本的画面会变为
SQL>

接着请输入
SQL> startup

就可以正常的启动数据库了。

另外停止数据库的指令如下:
SQL> shutdown immediate

二、检查Oracle DB监听器是否正常

回到终端机模式,输入:

$ lsnrctl status

检查看看监听器是否有启动

如果没有启动,可以输入:

$ lsnrctl start

启动监听器

SQL> conn sys@orcl as sysdba

然后输入密码,sys以sysdba身份登入数据库。

三、启动emctl

另外也可以发现http://localhost.localdomain:1158/em 目前是没有反应的,这边要另外启动,启动的指令如下:

$ emctl start dbconsole

这个指令运行时间较长,执行完的画面如下:

手动启动Oracle数据库完毕,下面创建系统自行启动Oracle的脚本。

四、Oracle启动&停止脚本

1. 修改Oracle系统配置文件:/etc/oratab,只有这样,Oracle 自带的dbstart和dbshut才能够发挥作用。

# vi /etc/oratab
orcl:/opt/oracle/102:Y

# Entries are of the form:
#   $ORACLE_SID:$ORACLE_HOME:<N|Y>:

2. 在 /etc/init.d/ 下创建文件oracle,内容如下:
代码如下:


#!/bin/sh
# chkconfig: 35 80 10
# description: Oracle auto start-stop script.
#
# Set ORA_HOME to be equivalent to the $ORACLE_HOME
# from which you wish to execute dbstart and dbshut;
#
# Set ORA_OWNER to the user id of the owner of the
# Oracle database in ORA_HOME.
ORA_HOME=/opt/oracle/102
ORA_OWNER=oracle
if [ ! -f $ORA_HOME/bin/dbstart ]
then
echo "Oracle startup: cannot start"
exit
fi
case "$1" in
'start')
# Start the Oracle databases:
echo "Starting Oracle Databases ... "
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
date +" %T %a %D : Starting Oracle Databases as part of system up." >> /var/log/oracle
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
su - $ORA_OWNER -c "$ORA_HOME/bin/dbstart" >>/var/log/oracle
echo "Done"
# Start the Listener:
echo "Starting Oracle Listeners ... "
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
date +" %T %a %D : Starting Oracle Listeners as part of system up." >> /var/log/oracle
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
su - $ORA_OWNER -c "$ORA_HOME/bin/lsnrctl start" >>/var/log/oracle
echo "Done."
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
date +" %T %a %D : Finished." >> /var/log/oracle
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
touch /var/lock/subsys/oracle

'stop')
# Stop the Oracle Listener:
echo "Stoping Oracle Listeners ... "
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
date +" %T %a %D : Stoping Oracle Listener as part of system down." >> /var/log/oracle
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
su - $ORA_OWNER -c "$ORA_HOME/bin/lsnrctl stop" >>/var/log/oracle
echo "Done."
rm -f /var/lock/subsys/oracle
# Stop the Oracle Database:
echo "Stoping Oracle Databases ... "
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
date +" %T %a %D : Stoping Oracle Databases as part of system down." >> /var/log/oracle
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
su - $ORA_OWNER -c "$ORA_HOME/bin/dbshut" >>/var/log/oracle
echo "Done."
echo ""
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle
date +" %T %a %D : Finished." >> /var/log/oracle
echo "-------------------------------------------------" >> /var/log/oracle

'restart')
$0 stop
$0 start

esac

3. 改变文件权限
# chmod 755 /etc/init.d/oracle

4. 添加服务
# chkconfig --level 35 oracle on

5. 需要在关机或重启机器之前停止数据库,做一下操作
# ln -s /etc/init.d/oracle /etc/rc0.d/K01oracle   //关机
# ln -s /etc/init.d/oracle /etc/rc6.d/K01oracle   //重启 

6. 使用方法
# service oracle start        //启动oracle
# service oracle stop        //关闭oracle
# service oracle restart     //重启oracle

7. 测试

a. 开机自启动

代码如下:

Last login: Mon Nov 26 19:57:06 2012 from 10.0.0.145
[root@ORS ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@ORS ~]$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"

SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Nov 26 20:07:33 2012

Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options

SQL> set linesize 300;
SQL> set pagesize 30;
SQL> select * from scott.emp;

EMPNO ENAME JOB MGR HIREDATE SAL COMM DEPTNO
---------- ---------- --------- ---------- --------- ---------- ---------- ----------
SMITH CLERK 7902 17-DEC-80 800 20
ALLEN SALESMAN 7698 20-FEB-81 1600 300 30
WARD SALESMAN 7698 22-FEB-81 1250 500 30
JONES MANAGER 7839 02-APR-81 2975 20
MARTIN SALESMAN 7698 28-SEP-81 1250 1400 30
BLAKE MANAGER 7839 01-MAY-81 2850 30
CLARK MANAGER 7839 09-JUN-81 2450 10
SCOTT ANALYST 7566 19-APR-87 3000 20
KING PRESIDENT 17-NOV-81 5000 10
TURNER SALESMAN 7698 08-SEP-81 1500 0 30
ADAMS CLERK 7788 23-MAY-87 1100 20
JAMES CLERK 7698 03-DEC-81 950 30
FORD ANALYST 7566 03-DEC-81 3000 20
MILLER CLERK 7782 23-JAN-82 1300 10
rows selected.

SQL>

b. service oracle stop

代码如下:


SQL> Disconnected from Oracle Database 10g Enterprise Edition Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP and Data Mining options
[oracle@ORS ~]$ logout
[root@ORS ~]# service oracle stop
Stoping Oracle Listeners ...
Done.
Stoping Oracle Databases ...
Done.
[root@ORS ~]# su - oracle
[oracle@ORS ~]$ sqlplus "/as sysdba"
SQL*Plus: Release 10.2.0.1.0 - Production on Mon Nov 26 20:17:20 2012
Copyright (c) 1982, 2005, Oracle. All rights reserved.
Connected to an idle instance.
SQL> set linesize 300;
SQL> set pagesize 30;
SQL> select * from scott.emp;
select * from scott.emp
*
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01034: ORACLE not available
SQL>

c. service oracle start

代码如下:

SQL> Disconnected
[oracle@ORS ~]$ logout
[root@ORS ~]# service oracle start
Starting Oracle Databases ...
Done
Starting Oracle Listeners ...
Done.
[root@ORS ~]#

d. service oracle restart

代码如下:

[root@ORS ~]# service oracle restart
Stoping Oracle Listeners ...
Done.
Stoping Oracle Databases ...
Done.

Starting Oracle Databases ...
Done
Starting Oracle Listeners ...
Done.
[root@ORS ~]#

至此,Oracle服务启动&停止脚本与开机自启动设置完毕。

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